International Conscientious Objectors Day is a day of action that was introduced in the late 1990s and takes place on May 15, 2021. Conscientious objection is the decision of a person not to participate in the military service of a state. Since people have been forced to do military service and war against their will, there has been conscientious objection, which for a long time was only possible through desertion. It was only since the European Enlightenment that it became conceivable to regard non-participation in military service as a right.
Since 1945 it has been recognized in more and more states as a general human right that is legally protected and enforceable in many democratic constitutional states. In 1987 the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) recognized the right to refuse military service as an international human right. Since then, the UN Human Rights Commission has been fighting for its verifiable application and constitutional validity, which is not guaranteed in many member states of the UN.
In Germany, conscientious objection is a basic right within the framework of freedom of belief, conscience and freedom of belief. The Federal Republic of Germany was the first state in the world to grant this right constitutional status. This was given legal, historical and logical priority over future national military defense. Forced recruitment of Germans by the Allies should also be ruled out or made more difficult.
Where is International Conscientious Objectors Day?
When is International Conscientious Objectors Day?
Saturday 15th May 2021