International Monuments Day: The day of action was introduced in 1982 by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) in cooperation with UNESCO. ICOMOS is committed to the protection and maintenance of monuments and the preservation of the historical-cultural heritage. He advises on issues relating to the preservation of monuments relating to the world’s cultural heritage.
A memorial is an object that has a special value as part of the culture of remembrance. It represents an event, a person, or a state of the past. As an asset worthy of protection, it can enjoy monument protection.
Monument protection and monument preservation as the totality of all measures that serve to preserve memorable objects in the public interest are now legally anchored in most countries of the world by monument protection laws. Monuments trade guidelines are based on national and intergovernmental rules.
What actually is a memorial?
A memorial is an object of particular value in terms of history or memory in general. The memorial stands for an event or a person or a state of the past. In order to protect this memory, the property can be listed.
What does a monument like that bring us anyway?
The preservation of such cultural and historical objects is in the public interest. Why, you ask yourself? It’s very easy: Future generations can learn from the experiences of their predecessors, both in positive and negative ways. From the negative examples of such monuments one draws the realization that one has to find a different way than his predecessor. Monuments that remind of brilliant people, events or conditions are to be copied; from them we create ready-made behavior patterns that we and future generations can use as a guide.
For the reasons mentioned, there is above all an obligation to preserve monuments as well as possible – for us and for the next generations. Not only the preservation, protection and care of monuments and cultural heritage are important tasks in our society, but also the dissemination of the knowledge that emerges from such cultural heirlooms.
Grab your family or friends today on International Monuments Day and take a look around your city! Which monument have you perhaps never noticed? Which monument in your city would you like to know more about?
Where is Monument Day?
When is Monument Day?
April 18, 2021
THESE ARE THE MOST POPULAR MONUMENTS IN THE WORLD
The Forbidden City in Beijing, China is the most popular of all monuments in the world. This is shown by a global ranking of all monuments and historical sites (as of 2019). In 2018, 17 million visitors flocked to the former palace of the Ming Dynasty, the grounds of which extend over 72 hectares in the center of Beijing. There is enough space in this area for the flow of visitors. However, the growing number of tourists and increased interest in major attractions still worries some places.
Residents of cities like Paris and Barcelona, which are home to attractions like the Eiffel Tower (top 7) and the Sagrada Familia (top 12), have complained about the unsustainable number of tourists. These not only take up space on the partially overcrowded streets. They also drive up prices for residents.
Second on the list is the Versailles Palace in Versailles near Paris, also a spacious affair. However, even for visitors with tickets, waiting times of up to 1.5 hours can occur, and people usually queue long before the castle opens. The Taj Mahal in India is visited by almost as many people as Versailles, and recently visiting hours were limited to three hours per person.
“The Mall” in Washington DC is three times on the list. The space dedicated to monuments keeps tourists away from the city center and does not charge an entrance fee. The Russian city of St. Petersburg is also twice on the top 15 list. The Peterhof Palace, actually modeled on Versailles, and the Tsarskoye Selo Palace Museum together attracted 8.9 million visitors.
1. Forbidden City
Enclosed like a fortress by a 10 m high wall and a wide moat, the 960 m long, rectangular complex of the Forbidden City lies in the middle of Beijing. There are a total of 890 palaces with 8,886 rooms on the site. According to legend, it should actually be 9,999½ rooms. Half of the room is symbolic. After that, only heaven was allowed to own a palace with 10,000 rooms. Built between 1406 and 1420, the Imperial Palace forms the largest ensemble of classical Chinese buildings. One speaks of the “Forbidden City” because no one except the emperor had access out of his own power. Up to 3,000 people lived here with main wives and concubines, concubines, children and eunuchs.
2. Palace of Versailles
Versailles not only stands for the city with 86,000 inhabitants in the Île-de-France region, very close to Paris. Mainly associated with the name of the magnificent palace, which was once the hunting lodge of Louis XIII. (1601 to 1643) was.
Driven by his megalomania, his son Louis XIV (1638 to 1715) transformed it into a gigantic fairytale castle that is second to none. Versailles became the symbol of absolutism and the epitome of an entire European epoch – that of the high and late baroque.