The April 25 recognizes as an international World Malaria Day the global fight against the insidious infectious disease. Reason enough to include this medical day of action, which was initiated in 2001, in the calendar of curious holidays from all over the world and to outline the history of its concern below. What is it about?
Who started World Malaria Day?
As with so many other contributions from the calendar of the medical days of action, the origins and backgrounds of World Malaria Day are relatively well documented. The original initiative of this event goes back to the continental Africa Malaria Day and the year 2001.
It was not until 2007 that the 60th assembly of the World Health Assembly, the decision-making body of the World Health Organization (WHO), gave this occasion the status of an international day of action. Through this decision of the 194 WHO member states, African Malaria Day became World Malaria Day, which is celebrated today (see also the list of related links below).
Why is World Malaria Day falling on April 25th?
In fact, in the context outlined above, there is also a reason for choosing April 25 as the date for World Malaria Day. Because this took over the date of the original African Malaria Day, which was established as a reference to the signing of the so-called Abuja Declaration by 44 African countries on April 25, 2000.
Goals and Intention: What is World Malaria Day about?
According to the WHO, around 435,000 people died of malaria in 2017, and it is assumed that around three billion people are currently threatened by this infectious disease. The core areas of this risk are still the African countries south of the Sahara or the tropics and subtropics, whereby the World Health Organization was able to document around 219 million worldwide cases of malaria in 2017. However, the number of unreported cases is probably significantly higher.
Against this background, World Malaria Day focuses on coordinating international efforts to prevent the spread of malaria and combat the disease. One of the greatest dangers in this regard is the increasing global warming and the resulting growing area of distribution of the primary vector of the disease, the female anopheles mosquito. Accordingly, the initiators have been setting World Malaria Day since 2008 under a changing annual or multi-year motto, which focuses on the respective goals in the fight against malaria. The following leitmotiv topics have been used so far:
- 2008: Malaria: a disease without borders
- 2009 and 2010: Counting malaria out
- 2011: Achieving Progress and Impact
- 2012: Sustain Gains, Save Lives: Invest in Malaria
- 2013 to 2015: Invest in the future: defeat malaria
- 2016 and 2017: End Malaria For Good
- 2018: Ready to beat malaria
- 2019 and 2020: Zero malaria starts with me
And who can not do anything of you so that, for / offering on April 25 with the Arbor Day in Germany, the World Penguin Day or the US National Telephone Day a whole range of calendar alternatives.