Hurray for pretzels. The USA celebrate April 26 as a National Pretzel Day and October 22 as Eat a Pretzel Day – sometimes: National Eat a Pretzel Day. What this is all about and why these two food holidays in honor of the pretzels deserve a permanent place in the calendar of curious holidays from all over the world , the following lines illuminate. Good Appetite.
The U.S. National Pretzel Day on April 26th
If a baked good in the calendar of the curious world days is given two separate appointments at the same time, there must be something to the matter. Accordingly, these following sections trace the respective origins of the two US American Pretzel Days. Let’s start with National Pretzel Day on April 26th.
Who started National Pretzel Day?
If you take a first look at the existing sources, the background or origins of National Pretzel Day do not seem to be particularly well documented. Rather, most of the popular online calendars and websites on the subject of food holidays refer to an inconclusive research into a possible initiator and the exact year of foundation.
Actually astonishing. Because on closer inspection, a lot speaks for the US food blogger John-Bryan Hopkins as the initiator of National Pretzel Day. Hopkins from Alabama has launched numerous food holidays of his own since 2005/2006 and, with his blog foodimentary.com, is a real authority on culinary holidays.
The oldest contribution to the Pretzel Day is from April 26, 2012; although it is not entirely clear whether this is actually the first edition of this culinary event. The data from Google Trends suggests that the search term National Pretzel Day generated the first relevant interest in organic search as early as July 2004. However, since this data set does not go back any further than 2004, an even older founding year cannot be completely ruled out (see also the list of further links below).
Why does National Pretzel Day fall on April 26th?
In contrast, however, there is no reason for the selected date. Even against the background of the assumption that Hopkins is actually the initiator of this American Pretzel Day, his post on foodimentary.com does not provide any justification for the chosen date of April 26th.
Rather, the American has pointed out in several interviews that the occasions of this culinary collection are placed either according to seasonal reference or the existing gaps in the calendar. This against the background that at the start of foodimentary.com he could only find 200 well-known food holidays and filled the remaining days with his own holidays (see also the list of related links below).
Interesting side note at this point: In fact, there are a number of references to April as National Soft Pretzel Month. Despite this calendar overlap, I could not find out in the course of the research for this article whether there is a direct substantive connection between National Pretzel Day and National Soft Pretzel Month (see also the list of related links below).
At this point, however, we can say that this special day of the pretzel fits perfectly into the series of American snack holidays. As an example, reference is made to the following entries in the Collection of Curious World Days:
- National Cream Puff Day on January 2,
- National Croissant Day on January 30th,
- National Pigs-In-A-Blanket Day on April 24th or
- National Fritters Day on December 2nd.
On April 26th, then, the pastry with the symmetrically intertwined dough strand. Actually, due to the similarity of the shape here, August 8th would be a more appropriate date. 😉
Eat a Pretzel Day – Eat a Pretzel Day on October 22nd
A similar situation can be found with a view to the background for the US Eat a Pretzel Day (Eat a pretzel day) on October 22nd. What is it about?
Who started National Pretzel Day or Eat a Pretzel Day?
Although I cannot say with absolute certainty, there are some indications that Eat a Pretzel Day goes back to the American author and social expert Heidi Richards Mooney and her Quirky Marketing Calendar project. Although their website only lists the first blog post about this pretzel holiday for October 2014, the data from Google Trends suggest that Eat a Pretzel Day generated initial relevant search interest in the United States as early as February 2010 (see also the List of related links below).
Why does Eat a Pretzel Day fall on October 22nd in the United States?
In contrast, in the course of the research for the present article, I was unable to find out why the initiator decided on October 22 as the date for Eat-a-Bretzel Day. It also remains unclear whether the US National Pretzel Month in October, as mentioned by some online calendars, remains unclear (see also the list of related links below).
This also applies to a substantive connection to the parallel October 22 in the UK and National Nut Day, the International CAPS LOCK DAY), the Stuttering Awareness day or National Color day or the Wombat day.
Baking knowledge: a brief cultural history The history of the pretzel
Be that as it may, the unknown initiators seem to have disagreed on this, and this is supposed to be primarily about the pretzel. In this sense, back to the facts: The pretzel as a pretzel cake is originally widespread primarily in southern Germany and Austria and is accordingly known under a number of name variations and spellings: including Bretzel, Brezl, Breze, in Bavaria and Austria from as Brezn, im Badischen often also Bretschl.
All of these variants go back to the Latin term brachium (dt. The arm) and in this respect always refer to the shape with which the appearance of arms crossed one above the other is represented. This then also explains why the pretzel is counted among the figured breads, i.e. baked goods in the form of figurative representations or filigree weaving of dough, which is either produced or consumed on religious or traditionally festive occasions. As is so often the case with sandwich breads, there are numerous myths and legends about their creation and shape.
The pretzel or: the unexplained origin of baked good and its shape
This is also the case with the pretzel, the actual origin of which is still unclear. While it is assumed today that their emergence was due to a ban on pagan baked goods by the Christian Council of Leptinä in 743 AD. and the pretzel as a replacement for z. For example, when sun gears were “invented”, various regional legends report that baked goods were invented by a baker from southern Germany. He had been sentenced to death by his compatriot because of an iniquity.
Since the baker had always served the nobleman well up to this point, he got the chance to avoid his final punishment if he could bake a cake through which the sun could shine 3 times. This ultimately led to the characteristic shape of the pretzel, which has also served as a guild symbol for bakers since the 14th century.
To make the pretzels, the so-called looping, a special throwing technique is used (see the following video), which takes just under a second for an experienced baker, but often requires years of training. We state that the looping of a perfect pretzel still needs to be learned well today – despite machine alternatives. 🙂
On the day of the pretzel – or: How to protect a regional pretzel biscuit under trademark law
Because the pretzel is immensely popular in the United States as a German cultural import and is successfully sold there on a large scale by the fast food chain Auntie Anne’s founded in Lancaster in 1988.
Since Bavaria apparently places a lot of value on the trademark protection of regional baked goods, the European Commission, under the leadership of the CSU Europe Group, raised the Bavarian pretzels to a so-called canned specification by implementing regulation No. 161/2014 on February 21, 2014, in order to prevent imitations like the US version of the Bretzen.
At the insistence of the German Federal Ministry of Justice, the spellings Bayerische Brezen, Bayerische Brenzel and Bayerische Brez’n also fall under this protection. Truly curious, our American neighbors don’t seem particularly impressed by it, because otherwise they wouldn’t be celebrating Pretzel Day on April 26th.
And who therefore has nothing on hat / can this date alternatively so as the celebrated also today Hug an Australian Day, the Remember Your First Kiss Day or the international World intellectual property Day commit.
With this in mind: Have a great national pretzel day or eat-a-pretzel day to all of you.