The May 7 commits Russia since 1945 as a national Radio Day or Day of Communications Workers (russ. День радио). Even if the situation of Russian journalists and media representatives has not necessarily developed in a positive direction in recent years, this radio day is one of the many media-related Soviet days of honor that are still celebrated. Reason enough to include this occasion in the calendar of curious holidays from all over the world and to shed some light on its history in the following. What is it about?
Why is Radio Day in Russia May 7th?
In the case of the Russian Radio Day, the choice of date is a historical reference to May 7, 1895, on which the Russian physicist and pioneer of radio technology Alexander Stepanowitsch Popow (1859-1906) achieved the first successful demonstration of a radio transmission in Saint Petersburg.
On this former Soviet day of remembrance, however, it should be noted that the Julian calendar was still in effect in the Russian Empire in 1895 and the date according to this calendar fell on April 25. But only as a side note (see the contribution to the Day of the programmer (Engl. Programmer Day) on 12 or 13 September).
Alexander Stepanowitsch Popow sends Heinrich Hertz
As already mentioned at the beginning, the Russian physicist is considered one of the pioneers of radio technology, to whom he devoted himself with his research on electromagnetic waves from the late 1880s.
The concrete historical reference to today’s May 7th as Russian Radio Day results from the following event: On May 7th, 1895, Popov gave a lecture on his experiments and research on the Russian Society for Physics and Chemistry in Petersburg as part of a meeting of the Russian Society for Physics and Chemistry Reception of electromagnetic oscillations over a distance.
Here he presented his colleagues with a corresponding receiver, for which he used a so-called coherer (derived from the English coherer – alternatively also: fritter), an electrically insulating glass tube partially filled with metal chips, which at its ends with electrodes the electromagnetic waves to be displayed gets fed from the antenna.
In short, a radio wave detector. A few months later, the Russian published a specialist article in the journal of the company in question under the title Device for the detection and registration of electrical vibrations.
This publication, printed in January 1896, describes in detail the schematic structure of such a radio receiver, the practicality of which he was able to demonstrate on March 24, 1896. On this day, in honor of the German physicist of the same name and discoverer of electromagnetic waves, he sent the words Heinrich Hertz over a distance of 250 meters and was thus able to prove his theory.
Thematically May 7 at our Russian neighbors so is very close to the initiated by the UNESCO World Day of Radio (English. World Radio Day) on February 13 or the Weltamateurfunktag (Engl. World Amateur Radio Day) on 18 April).
Who invented the radio? Popow or Marconi?
While Popow is seen as the inventor or discoverer of this possibility of transmitting and receiving radio waves from a scientific and historical point of view, problems of patent law were brewing in Great Britain. What happened? In June 1896, the Italian and later Nobel laureate in physics, Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937), patented the device developed and described by Popow for the detection and registration of electrical vibrations in Great Britain before his Russian colleague.
Although Popov complained about it massively – and with some justification – in the international press and demanded his right of priority, this led to the fact that in the West only Marconi was seen as the inventor of the radio, while in Russia and the later Eastern Bloc countries this was seen Honor Popov.
The Cold War and the ideological conflicts between the two big blocs clearly fueled this different recognition and perception from 1945 onwards. The existence of the Russian radio tags is the best evidence (see for a similar reason, for example, the contribution to date of Geologists (Engl. Geologist Day) on the first Sunday in April).
The dispute about authorship described above should not hide the fact that the work and research of both men have contributed significantly to the development of modern radio.
However, there are also not a few indications that ascribe the actual impetus for this research to the Croatian physicist Nikola Tesla (1856 – 1943), whose radio receiver was destroyed in a fire in 1895. In this respect, this claim must still be viewed as speculation.
And who can not do anything of you so that, for / offering on May 7 with the US day of packaging design (National Packaging Design Day) Or the day of the Cosmopolitans (National Cosmopolitan Day) at least two other calendrical Alternatives.