Titanic Memorial Day: The April 15 remembered as Titanic Memorial to the sinking of the ocean liner RMS Titanic in 1912. The accident is considered the most famous maritime disaster of the 20th century and evolved over time become synonymous with such momentous events that the uncontrollability of nature symbolized by technology. Reason enough to dedicate a separate article in the calendar of curious holidays from all over the world to this historical memorial day in honor of the Titanic victims and to shed some light on its history with the following lines.
Where is the Titanic Memorial Day?
When is the Titanic Memorial Day?
Thursday April 15, 2021
What happened on April 15, 1912 and what does Titanic Memorial Day remember?
The RMS Titanic sailing under the flag of the British shipping company White Star Line was considered the largest passenger ship in the world at the beginning of the 20th century. On the night of April 14th to 15th, the steamer collided with an iceberg on its maiden voyage from Southampton (Great Britain) to New York (USA) at 11:40 p.m. ship time southeast of Newfoundland in the North Atlantic. About two hours and forty minutes later, the ship, which had been declared unsinkable due to its subdivision into several watertight bulkheads, was so badly damaged that it sank in the tides of the North Atlantic.
Although there would have been enough time for an evacuation after the collision with the iceberg, 1517 of the 2200 passengers and crew members on board were torn to their deaths with the sinking ship. In retrospect, this appears all the more dramatic as only half of all passenger accommodations on board were occupied or booked. Today’s Titanic Memorial Day is a reminder of this, and in 2019 it will celebrate its 107th edition.
Classification of the Titanic disaster and its consequences
Today it is considered relatively certain that the high number of victims is mainly due to the lack of lifeboats and the poorly or unprepared crew for such a scenario. The shipping company simply did not consider appropriate training of the crew to be necessary due to the ship’s “unsinkability”.
Due to the high number of casualties, the sinking of the RMS Titanic is one of the major shipping disasters of the 20th century, whereby it should be noted at this point that it was not the most momentous accident in recent seafaring in terms of the number of deaths (see also the other contributions from the calendar of maritime holidays ).
In contrast to many other ship accidents, the shock over the sinking of the Titanic triggered a whole series of efforts aimed at improving the safety of merchant and passenger shipping.
The first SOLAS conference (First International Conference on the Safety of Life at Sea) on November 12, 1913 in London should be mentioned here the version of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (dt. International Convention for the Protection of Human Life at Sea) an international minimum standard for the safety of ships was created. This included, among others, the sufficient number of lifeboats, 24-hour occupation of the radio stations and the establishment of the International Eispatrouille (see also the contribution to the World Maritime Day (Engl. World Maritime Day) on the last Thursday in September).
Another result of the Titanic disaster were efforts by the German physicist Alexander Karl Friedrich Franz Behm (1880 – 1952) to develop an iceberg detector, which did not bring the desired success, but ultimately provided the basis for the invention of the echo sounder.
Titanic search for clues in New York: Chelsea Piers 54 and 59
The survivors of the shipping disaster were brought to New York in April 1912 and traces of this event can actually still be found in the Big Apple today. If you know what to look for. But one after anonther.
The destination of the RMS Titanic in New York was Pier 59 on the west bank of Manhattan in the Chelsea district. The jetties and passenger halls at that time were an integral part of the planned White Star luxury liner route. In the course of the rescue operation, the ships deployed used Pier 59 on April 20, 1912 to unload the rescued lifeboats of the Titanic, but the 675 rescued passengers were brought ashore at Pier 54, which was operated by the Cunard Line at the time. In this respect, this is also the actual place where the survivors of the disaster went ashore (see also the list of related links below).
Today, the Chelsea Piers Sports & Entertainment Complex , the largest training and sports center in New York, is located on Piers 59, 60 and 61 , while only the archway and parts of the landing stage remain of Pier 54. There is currently a massive construction site here (see also the attached photo of the archway).
A little-known New York lighthouse as a memorial to the victims of the Titanic sinking
On the occasion of the Titanic Memorial Day, a reference to a little-known memorial should not be missing. Because even today a memorial in the south of Manhattan commemorates the victims of this tragedy.
In 1913 a small lighthouse was built in downtown Manhattan with public money, which originally stood on the building of the Seamen’s Church Institute and was supposed to greet the ships entering New York with its green beacon. Another special feature of this lighthouse on the corner of South Street and Coenties Slip: every noon at 12:00 the ball mounted on the top lowered itself by means of a telegraphic signal to show the time to the seafarers in the harbor.
In 1965, however, the Seamen’s Church Institute gave up the building, which was then demolished. The demolition company was able to save the lighthouse tower and donated it to New York’s South Street Seaport Museum. The lighthouse tower has stood on the corner of South Street and Pearl Street since 1976, where it can still be found today as part of the Titanic Memorial Park.
And for those of you who don’t know what to do with Titanic Memorial Day, April 15 has the International Art Day and US National Griper’s Day ), the day of the eraser (engl. National National Rubber Eraser day) or the National That Sucks day (dt. mutatis mutandis Everything-is-shit-day ) a number calendrical alternatives.
15 april national days