World Asthma Day will take place on May 4th in 2021. It was initiated in 1998 by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). The day is used as an opportunity to inform the general public about asthma.
Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the airways with permanent hypersensitivity. In appropriately predisposed persons, the inflammation leads to attacks of shortness of breath as a result of a narrowing of the airways. This narrowing of the airways is caused by increased secretion of mucus, spasms of the bronchial muscles and the formation of edema of the bronchial mucous membrane; it can be reversed by treatment. Five percent of adults and seven to ten percent of children suffer from bronchial asthma.
An asthma attack leads to acute shortness of breath. Exhalation is particularly difficult and this is often accompanied by whistling breath noises. Sometimes coughing occurs, also in the form of coughing fits. In children, cough is usually the leading symptom, so the diagnosis of “asthma” is often made late. Difficult breathing and shortness of breath can lead to feelings of anxiety with restlessness and difficulty speaking. Asthma is characterized by the absence of symptoms in the symptom-free interval. (With material from: Wikipedia)
Where is the World Asthma Day?
When is the World Asthma Day?
Tuesday 4th May 2021
World Asthma Day: Asthma Symptoms
If an asthmatic comes into contact with a correspondingly critical environmental stimulus, an exacerbation of his asthma can occur, i.e. an exacerbation of the disease with the typical asthma symptoms . They include:
- fits of shortness of breath or breathlessness
- extremely strong, usually dry cough
- in the later course of the disease often productive cough
- wheezing when breathing (wheezing)
- Chest tightness
- high heart rate (among other things triggered by the patient’s fear)
- Exhalation that requires great effort
- Blue discoloration of the fingers and lips (due to the lack of oxygen supply)
- Chest pain
- nocturnal aggravation of symptoms
Good to know
The fact that an asthma attack is usually associated with fear or even panic is more than understandable, but it can make asthma symptoms such as shortness of breath even worse. Because in fearful situations in which the body naturally prepares for fight or flight, the need for oxygen also increases – exactly the wrong reaction in an asthma attack.
The following causes are possible for an exacerbation:
- cold ambient air
- physical strain
- Exhaust fumes and tobacco smoke
Anyone who suffers from allergy-related asthma also reacts to contact with their respective allergen (allergy trigger) with asthmatic symptoms. Allergens are, for example, pollen, dust mites, animal hair, but also molds or certain foods. You should therefore watch closely when you experience symptoms or consider when symptoms have occurred in the past. You should document this information in an asthma diary and share it with your doctor.